Hi Everyone,
I was reading the dsPIC33FJ128MC802 microcontroller's ECAN manual, section 21.9.3. I have a question about what was stated there: " Two types of synchronization are used – Hard Synchronization and Resynchronization. A Hard Synchronization occurs once at the start of a frame. Resynchronization occurs inside a frame. • Hard synchronization takes place on the recessivetodominant transition of the start bit. The bit time is restarted from that edge. • Resynchronization takes place when a bit edge does not occur within the Synchronization Segment in a message. One of the Phase Segments is shortened or lengthened by an amount that depends on the phase error in the signal. The maximum amount that can be used is determined by the Synchronization Jump Width parameter (CiCFG1<SJW>). " So I think I understand the first point, which means that the start of frame bit has to start with a recessive to dominant transition, and that is a reference point for the receiver to start counting the bit times. I have trouble with the second point. Why would there be a bit edge when for example I am transmitting two ones after each other? So how does it know that there was supposed to be a bit edge there? Or is this why the protocoll stuffs an extra different bit when there are too many same consecutive bits on the line? Any help is appreciated, Fekete Tamás (Tamás=Thomas in english) "there is no spoon"

You basically answered your own question J. Stuff bits are there to ensure that there are sufficient edges in the frame to perform synchronization. cheers, Bram From: [hidden email] [mailto:[hidden email]] On Behalf Of Tamás Fekete *snip* So I think I understand the first point, which means that the start of frame bit has to start with a recessive to dominant transition, and that is a reference point for the receiver to start counting the bit times. I have trouble with the second point. Why would there be a bit edge when for example I am transmitting two ones after each other? So how does it know that there was supposed to be a bit edge there? Or is this why the protocoll stuffs an extra different bit when there are too many same consecutive bits on the line? Any help is appreciated, Fekete Tamás (Tamás=Thomas in english) 
Thank you, I remembered that bit (no pun intended) about bit stuffing just as I was writing my question, but I wanted to ask it anyway to make it sure. I quite recently graduated and while we had to memorize these things about CAN it is only now that I had connected these two informations. thanks again, Tamás On Sun, Nov 13, 2016 at 4:08 PM, Bram Kerkhof <[hidden email]> wrote:
"there is no spoon"

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